FOUR-PANEL MANGA – Part 2

But unlike American comic strips, four-panel manga do not always appear one at a time, once per day; often they are printed in weekly or monthly magazines with several consecutive pages of strips by the same artist. Taking advantage of this format, in the 1970s four-panel manga artists began to tell ongoing stories from strip to strip and issue to issue, using the individual punch lines as elements nem van thanh  in a longer story. This so-called story four-panel manga bridged the generation gap and made four-panel manga more popular with younger readers. A pioneer of the form was Hisaichi Ishii, creator of the baseball four-panel manga Ganbare!! Tabuchi-kun!! (“Go for It!! Tabuchi-kun!!”), based on the real-life Kôichi Tabuchi of the Hanshin Tigers. (In the United States, Ishii is best known for his untranslated comic strip Tonari no Yamada-kun [“My Neighbors the Yamadas”], which was adapted into a 1999 animated movie by Studio Ghibli. In the 1980s and 1990s, the story nem van thanh  four-panel medium was expanded by untranslated artists such as Maya Koikeda (a lesbian artist whose work includes love stories and dramas) and Chino Kurumi (a former dôjinshi artist whose stories, based in the city of Osaka, are widely believed to be autobiographical). Attack of titan manga

Today, four-panel manga appear in many forms. Traditional comic strips still appear in Japanese newspapers, such as Masashi Ueda’s harmless Kobo the Li’l Rascal (1982). Regular manga magazines for all age groups, and both genders, often feature the occasional four-panel manga (both story four-panel and non-story-oriented) mixed in with the prevalent comic-style manga. Some magazines are devoted entirely to four-panel manga, such as Take Shobo’s Manga Life and Manga Club and Houbunsha’s enormous lineup of Manga Home, Manga Time, Manga Time Special, and numerous others. slam dunk manga amazon

Despite the introduction of story elements, most four-panel manga are still focused on humor and light entertainment. But if anyone thought that it was primarily for conservative older readers, that image was certainly destroyed in the late 1990s with the appearance of moe four-panel manga aimed at teenage and adult male fans. (See the article on OTAKU.) Pioneered by Kiyohiko Azuma’s Azumanga Daioh (1999) and the untranslated strips of Hayako Gotô, moe four-panel manga focused on cute girls in gentle comedy situations. The plotlessness of moe, its focus on everyday life and character interaction (together with an ever-so-slightly fetishistic fascination with the lives of young girls), turned out to be a good match for the format of four-panel comic strips. Other fan-oriented four-panel manga involve traditional bishôjo (beautiful girls) and video game parodies. Today, several four-panel magazines, such as Moeyon (short for “Moe Yon-Koma”), Manga Time Lovely, and Manga Time Kirara, are focused on moe manga; Hai Ran’s Tori Koro (2002) is a good example of the genre.

Short manga appear in other formats as well, such as the nine-panel grid of Miki Tori’s Anywhere but Here (1988), and one-page strips such as Usamaru Furuya’s Short Cuts

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